Code: 16URF Introductory Radiation Physics
Lecturer: prof. Ing. Ladislav Musílek CSc. Weekly load: 2+2 Completion: A, EX
Department: 14116 Credits: 4 Semester: W,S
Concise review of opinions about atoms and radiation physics, relativistic and quantum properties, basic characteristics of atoms and nuclei, binding energy, measurement of nuclear mass and diameter, nuclear moments, isospin, basic nuclear models, general characteristics of interaction of radiation with a matter, interaction of alpha, beta, gamma and neutrons, penetration of radiation beams through material, radiation effects in a matter.

1.Concise review of development of nuclear and radiation physics
2.Physical quantities in radiation physics and their measurement, cross sections
3.Basics characteristics of atomic nuclei
4.Nuclear masses and binding energies
5.Methods for determining radius of nuclei
6.Nuclear moments and further quantum characteristics
7.Nuclear models - general characteristics and types
8.Basic properties of the most important particles in radiation physics
9.General characteristics of interaction of ionising radiation with a matter
10.Interaction of heavy charged particles with a matter, stopping power
11.Energy loses of electrons transmitting through a matter
12.Processes if interaction of X- and gamma-rays
13.Processes of neutron interactions in a matter
14.Effects caused in a matter by ionising radiation - ionisation and excitation, heat production
Seminar contents:
1. laboratory reference frame vs. center of mass reference frame
2. fundamental relations in quantum physics
3. classical (Newton) vs. relativistic (Einstein) physics
4. relations among momentum, mass, energy, wawelength, frequency, etc.
5. binding energy of nuclei, Weizsäcker formula, line of beta stability
6. mass and ardius of nuclei
7. interaction of heavy charged particle with matter
8. interaction of light charged particle with matter
9. Bethe-Bloch formula for collision and radiation losses
10. empirical relationships for range of particles in material
11. interaction of photons with matter
12. passage of photon beam through material
13. interaction of neutron with matter
14. credit test
Recommended literature:
Key references:
[1] L. Musílek: Úvod do fyziky ionizujícího záření, Praha, SNTL 1979

Recommended references:
[2] J.S. Lilley: Nuclear Physics - Principles and Applications. Chichester, Wiley 2001
[3] K.N. Muchin: Eksperimental'naja jaděrnaja fizika I. Moskva, Eněrgoatomizdat 1983
[4] J. Magill - J. Gally: Radioactivity, Radionuclides, Radiation. Berlin, Springer 2005
[5] B. Povh - K. Rith - C. Scholz - F. Zetsche: Particles and Nuclei - An Introduction to the Physical Concepts. Berlin, Springer 1999
[6] B.R. Martin: Nuclear and Particle Physics - An Introduction. Chichester, Wiley 2006
[7] W. Loveland - D.J.Morisey - G.T. Seaborg: Modern Nuclear Chemistry. Hoboken, Wiley 2006
Nuclear physics, radiation physics, atomic nucleus, nuclear models, interaction of radiation with a matter.

Abbreviations used:


Mode of completion of the course:

Weekly load (hours per week):