Code: 12ZFP 
Principles of Plasma Physics 
Lecturer: prof. Ing. Jiří Limpouch CSc. 
Weekly load: 3+1 
Completion: A, EX 
Department: 14112 
Credits: 4 
Semester: S 
 Description:

Basic physics of high temperature plasmas is explained using particle, kinetic and fluid approaches. It includes drift motions and adiabatic invariants, linear theory of waves in plasmas and propagation of electromagnetic waves in inhomogeneous plasmas. Basic nonlinear effects, such as ponderomotive force, selffocusing and parametric instabilities are explained. It comprises brief introduction into magnetohydrodynamics and nuclear fusion. Basics of atomic physics od multiplyionized plasmas are introduced.
 Contents:

1.Plasma definition; Debye screening, plasma parameter, plasma frequency, collisions of charged particles, Landau length, Coulomb logarithm, collective behavior, ideal and nonideal plasma, weakly and strongly coupled plasmas
2.Motion of charged particles in external fields
3.Adiabatic invariants, ponderomotive force
4.Principles of kinetic theory, Klimontovich equation, Vlasov equation, Krook collision term
5.Plasma as dielectric medium, temporal and spatial dispersion; twofluid hydrodynamics
6.Plasma oscillations, plasma waves in fluid and kinetic description, Landau damping, wave energy
7.BernsteinGreeneKruskal modes, plasma waves in magnetic field
8.Principles of ParticleinCell simulations
9.Ion sound waves; electromagnetic waves in plasma, 10.Nonlinear propagation of waves, relativistic, ponderomotive and thermal nonlinearity, selffocusing and filamentation
11.Propagation of electromagnetic waves in magnetoactive plasmas
12.Parametric instabilities
13.One fluid approximation, ideal and nonideal magnetohydrodynamics, hydromagnetic equilibrium, RayleighTaylor and KruskalSchwartzschild instabilities
14.Diffusion in weakly and strongly ionized plasmas, 15.Introduction into atomic physics of plasmas, collisional and radiative processes, principle of detail balancing
16.Local thermodynamic equilibrium, coronal equilibrium, radiation from plasmas
17.Nuclear fusion, fusion reactions, Lawson criterion, magnetic confinement, pinch effect, inertial confinement
18.Kinetic theory, approximations leading to FokkerPlanck collision term
19.Examples of solution of FokkerPlanck equation
 Seminar contents:

1.Debye screening, Debye length, plasma parameter, plasma frequency, collisions of charged particles, Landau length, Coulomb logarithm
2. Vlasov equation, Krook collision term, deriívation of twofluid hydrodynamics, diamagnetic drift
3.Plasma oscillations, plasma waves in fluid and kinetic description, Landau damping, wave energy
4. Demonstration using PIC code ES1 = plasma waves, Landau damping, twostream instability
5.Ion sound waves; electromagnetic waves in plasma, critical density, wave propagation in planar plasma
6.One fluid approximation, ideal and nonideal magnetohydrodynamics, hydromagnetic equilibrium, RayleighTaylor and KruskalSchwartzschild instabilities
7.Diffusion in weakly and strongly ionized plasmas, ambipolar diffusion, plasmawall interaction, sheath, Bohm criterion, 8.Introduction into atomic physics of plasmas, multiplycharged ions, excitation and autoionization states, collisional and radiative processes, oscillator strength, direct and inverse processes, principle of detail balancing
 Recommended literature:

Key references:
[1] F.F. Chen, Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 2nd ed., Plenum Press, 1984
[2] D.R. Nicholson, Introduction to Plasma Theory, J. Wiley 1983
Recommended references
[3] S. Ichimaru, Statistical Plasma Physics, Volume I: Basic Principles, AddisonWesley, Redwood City, 1992
[4] S. Eliezer: The Interactions of HighPower Lasers with Plasma, IOP Publishing, Bristol 2002
[5] D. Salzman: Atomic Physics in Hot Plasmas, Oxford University Press, Oxford 1998
 Keywords:
 Kinetic theory, fluid description, drifts, waves, fusion, instabilities, nonlinearities.
Abbreviations used:
Semester:
 W ... winter semester (usually October  February)
 S ... spring semester (usually March  June)
 W,S ... both semesters
Mode of completion of the course:
 A ... Assessment (no grade is given to this course but credits are awarded. You will receive only P (Passed) of F (Failed) and number of credits)
 GA ... Graded Assessment (a grade is awarded for this course)
 EX ... Examination (a grade is awarded for this course)
 A, EX ... Examination (the award of Assessment is a precondition for taking the Examination in the given subject, a grade is awarded for this course)
Weekly load (hours per week):
 P ... lecture
 C ... seminar
 L ... laboratory
 R ... proseminar
 S ... seminar