Code: 12SOP Statistical Optics
Lecturer: doc. Dr. Ing. Ivan Richter Weekly load: 2+0 Completion: A, EX
Department: 14112 Credits: 2 Semester: S
Description:
The lecture covers both the basics and advanced topics in statistical optics, i.e. the classical theory of optical coherence. It reviews the basics of probability theory and statistics, random variables, random stochastic processes, together with the complex analytical and quasimonochromatic signals. It futher systematically discusses especially the statistical properties of radiation, in terms of the classical scalar 2nd order theory of optical coherence, including elementary concepts and definitions, correlation functions and their properties, time domain, interference law, complex degree of coherence, frequency domain, coherence time, area, volume, spectral degree of coherence, and Wiener-Khinchin theorem. It also introduces special types of fields (coherent, cross spectrally pure) and radiation from primary sources (Schell model sources). The attention is further given both to the dynamics of correlation function (Wolf equations, Van Cittert - Zernike theory) and to applications of the coherence theory (Michelson stellar interferometer, correlation spectroscopy). The course is further devoted to vectorial aspects of coherence theory (standard statistical theory of polarization, using either polarization matrices or Stokes parameters), together with the unified treatment of polarization and coherence aspects, and general vectorial correlation matrices and tensors. The final attention is given to higher order correlation functions.
Contents:
1. Introduction - classical theory of coherence, basics of probability theory and statistics, random variables
2. Random stochastic processes, complex analytical signal, quasimonochromatic signal
3. Classical 2nd order theory of optical coherence, elementary concepts and definitions, correlation functions and their properties, time domain, interference law, complex degree of coherence
4. Classical 2nd order theory of optical coherence - frequency domain, coherence time, area, volume, Wiener-Khinchin theorem
5. Theory of partial coherence, radiation from partially coherent sources, nonclassical sources
6. Special types of fields - coherent, cross spectrally pure
7. Dynamics of correlation function - Wolf equations, Van Cittert - Zernike theory
8. Radiation from primary and secondary sources, Schell model sources
9. Applications of the 2nd order theory of coherence, Michelson stellar interferometry, correlation spectroscopy
10. Vectorial aspects of coherence theory, statistical theory of polarization, unified theory of polarization and coherence
11. General vectorial coherence theory, correlation matrices and tensors
12. Higher order correlation functions, intensity interferometry
Recommended literature:
Compulsory literature:
[1] Mandel L.: Wolf E.: Optical Coherence and Quantum Optics, Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Supplementary literature:
[2] J. W. Goodman, Statistical Optics, John Wiley & Sons, 2000.
[3] J. Peřina, Coherence of Light, Dordrecht Reidel Publishing Company, 1985.
[4] E. L. O'Neill, Introduction to statistical optics, Dover Publications, 1992.
[5] Ch. Brosseau, Fundamentals of polarized light: a statistical optics approach, J. Wiley & Sons, 1998.
[6] M. Bass, Ed., Handbook of Optics I and II, McGraw-Hill, 1995.
[7] M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, Pergamon Press, 1993 (sixth edition).
[8] B. E. A. Saleh, M.C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics, J. Wiley & Sons, 1991; Czech translation Základy fotoniky. Matfyzpress, Praha, 1995.
Keywords:
Classical theory of coherence, stochastic process, complex analytical signal, correlation function, coherence time, coherence area, coherence volume, Wiener-Khinchin theorem, total and partial coherence, cross spectrally pure light, Wolf equations, Van Cittert - Zernike theorem, Michelson stellar interferometer, correlation spectroscopy, vectorial coherence theory, statistical theory of polarization, polarization matrix, higher order correlation functions, primary sources, Schell model sources.

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