Code: 129DEAR Development of Architecture
Lecturer: doc. Ing. arch. Radomíra Sedláková CSc. Weekly load: 2P Completion: A
Department: 11129 Credits: 3 Semester: W,S
Subject of lecture cycle is development of European architecture from Ancient architecture (Greece, Rome) through Middle ages, early christian, Romanesque and Gothique, to Renaissance and Baroque. Architecture in connection of social, economical, cultural and life style development, including technical and technological development.
? 1. Why there is the Architecture? Beginnigs. Egyptian Architecture
? 2. Greek Architecture ? Minoan period = Architecture on island Crete, town-palaces; Architecture of myceanaen period = fortresses and communications, 5.-4.century = golden age of Architecture, three orders; types of buildings
? 3. Roman Architecture - Etruscs periods = new organisation of town; Romans ? excellent engineers; brick constructions and emplekton,
? 4. Architecture in Roman provincies ? new towns, differences according climate and materials, obligatory buildings
? 5. Early Christian Architecture, Byzantinian Architecture ? catacombs, first mausoleums, baptisteriums, churches ? basilicas, influence of Constantinople
? 6. Romanesque Architecture ? development from the beginning, from small shrine to great pilgrim church, cross vault and tunnel vault
? 7. Gothic Architecture ? the first style not born in Italy; new features of constructions ? pointed arch, flying buttress, rib vaults and moulding
? 8. Rennaisance Architecture ? back to Italy: new social situation, nobility from money and trade, back to antique(roman) tradition; early = Florence, High = Rome, Late = Veneto and out of Italy, differences in different countries
? 9. Baroque Architecture ? dynamism and theatre in architecture, illusion and visual effects in interiors, from Italy to the Word; countries of expressive baroque+ new territories under European influence
? 10. Architecture of the 19th century ? new materials, new constructions, new type sof buildings, industrial development; from stone and brick to steel and concrete
? 11. Architecture of the 20th century ? teh end of classical order Architecture, from art nouveau to functionalism, from individual architecture to prefab houses, aktive criticism of functionalism = postmodernism
? 12. Relation of development of architecture and development of constructions
Seminar contents:
Subject has no special exercises. Discussion of architecture from given period is part of every lesson
Recommended literature:
(1) Sutton, Ian: Western Architecture, Thames & Hudson, London, 1999
(2) Watkin, David: A History Of Western Architecture, Lavrence King, London, 1986, 1996
(3) Forneaux Jordan, Robert: Western Architecture, Thames and Hudson, London, 1993
(4) Nuttgens Patrick: The Story of Architecture, Phaidon, London, 1983, 1993, 1995 ...
development of architecture, antique, Middle Ages, Renaissance, Baroque, historicism, romanticism, 20th century, present, constructional and technological conception

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