Code: 129DAR1 Development of Architecture 1
Lecturer: doc. Ing. arch. Radomíra Sedláková CSc. Weekly load: 2P Completion: EX
Department: 11129 Credits: 3 Semester: W,S
Lectures are covering the development of the concept of ancient architecture (layout, spatial and structural), style and composition im different territories - Egypt, Grecce, Rome at the end in Western Europe and its newly etablished states. Detailed analysis of selected monuments important for development of architecture within periods of interest is part of the lectures. Relations between society and architecture.
? 1. Why there is the Architecture? Beginnigs. Egyptian Architecture
? 2. Greek Architecture ? Minoan period = Architecture on island Crete, town-palaces; Architecture of myceanaen period = fortresses and communications, 5.-4.century = golden age of Architecture, three orders; types of buildings
? 3. Roman Architecture - Etruscs periods = new organisation of town; Romans ? excellent engineers; brick constructions and emplekton,
? 4. Architecture in Roman provincies ? new towns, differences according climate and materials, obligatory buildings
? 5. Early Christian Architecture, Byzantinian Architecture ? catacombs, first mausoleums, baptisteriums, churches ? basilicas, influence of Constantinople
? 6. Romanesque Architecture ? development from the beginning, from small shrine to great pilgrim church, cross vault and tunnel vault
? 7. Gothic Architecture ? the first style not born in Italy; new features of constructions ? pointed arch, flying buttress, rib vaults and moulding
? 8. Rennaisance Architecture ? back to Italy: new social situation, nobility from money and trade, back to antique(roman) tradition; early = Florence, High = Rome, Late = Veneto and out of Italy, differences in different countries
? 9. Baroque Architecture ? dynamism and theatre in architecture, illusion and visual effects in interiors, from Italy to the Word; countries of expressive baroque+ new territories under European influence
? 10. Architecture of the 19th century ? new materials, new constructions, new type sof buildings, industrial development; from stone and brick to steel and concrete
? 11. Architecture of the 20th century ? teh end of classical order Architecture, from art nouveau to functionalism, from individual architecture to prefab houses, aktive criticism of functionalism = postmodernism
? 12. Relation of development of architecture and development of constructions
Seminar contents:
There are no exercises. Discussions are part of every lecture
Recommended literature:
(1)Trachtenberg M., Hyman I. : Architecture from prehistory to postmodern, H. N. Abrams, Inc. publisher, The Netherlands, 1986
(2)Nuttgens P.: The Story of Architecture, Phaidon, London, 1983, 1985 and later
(3)Watkin D.: A History of Western Architecture, Laurence King Publisher, 1986, 1992, 1996
development of architecture, antiquity, layout of building, monuments, construction, buildings material, space, architectural style

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