Basic properties of X-rays are overwied and the history of X-ray discovery is presented. Main attention is paid to soft X-rays, methods of generation, detection and applications. Primery influence of X-rays on biological objects is discussed and exploitation in the molecular biology research is presented
1.X- rays - electromagnetic radiation and ionizing radiation
2.History of X-ray discovery, X-ray (roentgen) tube, X-ray interaction with matter. Principles of detection.
3.Radiometry and dosimetry
4.Methods of generation of soft X-rays. Synchotron. Laser plasma as high brightness source. X-ray lasers, X=rays from cosmic space
5.X-ray optics. Grazing incidence mirror. Zone plates
6.Exploitation of X-rays. Sciagraphy. Microscopy. Microanalysis.
7.Lithography in production of VLSI electronic componencts.
8.Immaging of biological objects
9.X-ray fluorescent analysis
10.Primary effects of X-rays on biological objects at molecular level
11.Topic research of X-rays application in molecular biology.
1.Michette, S.Pfauntsh: X-Ray -The First Hundred Years, John Wiley&Sons,Chichester 1999
2.D. Attwood, Soft X-rays and Extreme Ultraviolet Radiation: Principles and Applications (Cambridge University Press, 1999)