Basic concept or resuscitation. Importance of circulation, respiration, consciousness and internal environment, their control. Equipment overview, common requirements. Specific requirements for equipment at intensive care units (ICU) and departments of anaesthesia and critical care medicine (ACCM). Blood gases, their measurement and interpretation. Modelling of the fluidic systems, parameters and properties of the fluidic models. Principles and adverse effects of artificial lung ventilation (ALV). Conventional and unconventional lung ventilation, corresponding ventilators. Equipment for anaesthesia. Anaesthetic vaporisers, their thermodynamic principles. Humidification of ventilatory gases. Equipment for monitoring and support of blood circulation. Dilution methods. Bed-side monitors. Other diagnostic and therapeutic equipment at ICU and ACCM. Design of ICU and ACCM.
1. Basic concept or anaesthesia and resuscitation. Basic physiological parameters. Description of a patients status. Importance of circulation, respiration, consciousness and internal environment, their control. Blood gases, their measurement and interpretation. Blood gas analysers.
2. Description of fluidic systems - circulation and ventilation. Mechanical parameters of the biological and technical fluidic systems. Modelling of the fluidic systems, parameters and properties of the fluidic models.
3. Principles and adverse effects of artificial lung ventilation (ALV). Conventional lung ventilation, conventional ventilators.
4. Unconventional regimens of artificial lung ventilation. Unconventional ventilators.
5. Equipment for anaesthesia. Anaesthetic vaporisers, their thermodynamic principles. Humidification of ventilatory gases.
6. Equipment for monitoring and support of blood circulation. Dilution methods of flow rate measurement (thermodilution, LiDCO, PiCCO), pulse oxymetry, bedside monitors.
7. Other diagnostic and therapeutic equipment at ICU and ACCM. Design of ICU and ACCM. Medical gases and their distribution.
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