The aim of the course is to give students an overview of the principles and applications of image sensors , displays , screens and projection systems in medicine. In particular, there are specific and image sensors for various spectral ranges (physical principles, properties, parameters, application possibilities - vacuum sensing tubes, photomultiplier tubes and solid-state detectors or sensors APD, CCD, CID, CMOS, CIS, etc.). Overview of different kinds of display monitors. Display type as TFT LCD, plasma technology, LED, LCD monitors for special medical facilities and diagnostic imaging purposes, the calibration of gray levels, the quality of the geometric view, the number of gray levels, etc. Principles of electron optics. The basic design of black and white and color CRTs. External devices of the CRTs. Geometric distortion and correction. The convergence circuits and coils. The various types of CRTs in terms of nozzle configuration and shape of the mask. Equipment with vacuum projection screens. Projectors based on the LCD liquid crystal. Television projectors walls. Reflecting a mirror DLP projectors. Laser projection. Active mosaic display area. The EIDOPHOR and systems with ILA light amplifier. Stereoscopic 3D display (passive and active systems). Application and use of simulators and virtual machines based on the above mentioned tools for medical purposes.
1. General physical principles utilized in the field of sensors and displays
2. Basic principles of optical imaging systems
3. Image sensors - VIS - physical principles - Part 1
4. Image sensors - VIS - arangements, implementation, parameters - Part 2
5. Image sensors IR, UV, X-ray and gamma - physical principles - Part 3
6. Image sensors IR, UV, X-ray and gamma - arangements, implementation, parameters - Part 4
7. Image display and projection systems
Block A. The basic physical principles - external and internal photoeffect, photocathode, pyroelectric effect, photomultiplier, scintillation, luminescence, image intensifier - vacuum, MCP, electron optics, the bolometer, thermocouple, wave-particle dualism, radiation ACT, photometry, radiometry, spectroscopy. Basic principles of optical imaging systems - pinhole camera, display a thin lens, lens equation, geometrical and wave optics, aperture, depth of field, resolution, light sensor, optical defects, types of lenses, microscopes, telescopes, MTF, PSF, OTF. AR layer (there is possible to use the tutorial videos in English)
Block B Basic types of image sensors - Vidicon, CMOS, CCD, APS, Foveon, structure and properties as a 2D image sensor sampling, moire, radiometry, photometry, colorimetry - color vision system RGB, XYZ system, conversions of the color spaces, color temperature, dichroic mirrors and color splitting prism, CFA. Sensors IR region - the photoresist field, microbolometer, CCD, pyroelectric. Sensors UV, X and gamma rays. Multispectral and hyperspectral sensing (there is possible to use the tutorial videos in English)
Block C Basic types of video displays ? CRTs/screen black and white and color, LCD, plasma, OLED (PLED), DMD, FED, SED, types of bitmaps, structure and properties. Basic types of video projectors - LCD, DMD, laser, design and characteristics, stereoscopic vision - 3D view - basic principles of scanning and imaging (there is possible to use the tutorial videos in English).
 Nakamura, J. (ed.): Image sensors and signal processing for digital still cameras. Boca Raton : CRC Press, 2006. 350 p. ISBN: 978-0-8493-3545-7.
 Gerald, G.C.: CCD Arrays, Cameras, and Displays. 1998
 Gerald, G.C.: Electro-Optical Imaging System Performance (PM187) (Spie Press Monograph). 2008.
 HOLST, Gerald C. Sampling, aliasing, and data fidelity for electronic imaging systems, communications, and data acquisition. Winter Park (Florida): JCD Publishing; Bellingham (Washington): SPIE PRESS, 1998, 342 s. ISBN 0-9640000-3-2; ISBN 0-8194- 2763-2.
 Gupta, M. C. Handbook of Photonics. CRC Press, 2000.