Code: 17ABBAF1 Anatomy and Physiology I
Lecturer: Ing. Yulia Efremova Ph.D. Weekly load: 2+1+1 Assessment: Z,ZK
Department: 17111 Credits: 5 Semester: W
Description:
Anatomy and physiology I covers functional aspects of particular organs and their systems.
Contents:
1 - Introduction to human anatomy and physiology (definition of anatomy and physiology, major characteristics of life, requirements of organisms, homeostasis, major body cavities, major organ systems, functions of each organ system, relative positions, body sections, and body regions).
2 - Cells (types of cells, general characteristics of a composite cell, kind of cytoplasmic organelle and its function, cell nucleus and its parts, membrane transport, the cell cycle, cell division, control of cell division).
3 - Tissues (the general characteristics and functions of epithelial tissue, the types of epithelium, glands, the general characteristics of connective tissue, the major cell types and fibers of connective tissue, the types of connective tissue within the body, the major functions of each type of connective tissue, the three types of muscle tissue, the general characteristics and functions of nervous tissue).
5 - Skeletal system (classification of bones, the general structure of a bone, and list the functions of its parts, intramembranous and endochondral bones, the effects of sunlight, nutrition, hormonal secretions, and exercise on bone development, the major functions of bones, the axial and appendicular skeletons, location and identification of bones and the major features of the bones that comprise the skull, vertebral column, thoracic cage, pectoral girdle, upper limb, pelvic girdle, and lower limb, the life-span changes in the skeletal system ).
6 - Joints of the skeletal system (classification of joints, structure of joints, movements at joints, the shoulder, elbow, hip, and knee joints, the life-span changes in joints).
7 - Muscular system (the structure of a skeletal muscle, the major parts of a skeletal muscle fiber and the function of each part, muscle fiber contraction, fast and slow muscle fibers, a twitch and a sustained contraction, the structures and functions of a multiunit smooth muscle and a visceral smooth muscle, the contraction mechanisms of skeletal, smooth, and cardiac muscle fibers, identification and location of major skeletal muscles).
8 - Cardiovascular system I (the organs of the cardiovascular system and their functions, identification and location of the major parts of the heart and the function of each part, the pathway of the blood through the heart and the vessels of the coronary circulation, the cardiac cycle, the parts of a normal ECG pattern).
9 - Cardiovascular system II (the structures and functions of the major types of blood vessels, the mechanisms that aid in returning venous blood to the heart, blood pressure, the pulmonary and systemic circuits, the major arteries and veins of the pulmonary and systemic circuits, life-span changes in the cardiovascular system).
10 - Respiratory system (general functions, locations of the organs, functions of each organ, inspiration and expiration, respiratory air volumes and capacities, alveolar ventilation rate, respiratory center, structure and function of the respiratory membrane, blood transports of oxygen and carbon dioxide, aging effect on the respiratory system).
11 - Digestive system (locations and major parts of the organs of the digestive system, the general functions of each digestive organ, the structure of the wall of the alimentary canal).
12 - Digestive system (the enzymes of the digestive organs and glands, digestive secretions, digestive reflexes, the mechanisms of swallowing, vomiting, and defecating, the products of digestion, aging-related changes).
13* - Nutrition and metabolism (nutrition, nutrients, and essential nutrients, the major sources of carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins, energy balance, vitamins, minerals and trace elements).
14 - Consultation, test